Book Chapter


Interfacial self-assembly processes 

X. Chen (2017). Comprehensive Supramolecular Chemistry II, Jerry Atwood, George W. Gokel, Len Barbour (Eds.), Elsevier Ltd. (Volume 9: Nanotechnology, 9.10).  



Preparation and Properties of Graphene Oxyfluoride Films

D. Villamanca, M. Colin, K. Ching, A. Rawal, Y. Wu, D. J. Kim, M. Dubois*, S. Chen*, App. Surf. Sci. (2024), 646, 158822.


Nanogold Foundry Involving High‐Shear‐Mediated Photocontact Electrification in Water

B. M Alotaibi, Z. Gardner, K. Vimalanathan, X. Chen, T. MD Alharbi, C. L Raston, Small Science (2024) 2300312.


Flexible fluorinated graphite foils with high content of (C2F)n phase for slow neutron reflector

K. Henry, M. Colin, G. Chambery, B. Vigolo, S. Cahen, C. Hérold, V. Nesvizhevsky, S. Le Floch, V. Pischedda, X. Chen, M. Dubois, Dalton Transactions (2024).


High Energy Density Primary Lithium Battery with Fluorinated S-Doped Graphene

M. Colin, H. Farhat, S. Chen, E. Petit, E. Flahaut, K. Guérin, M. Dubois, C (2023) 10, 3.


Optimizing the seeded CVD-growth of uniform graphene films on silicon

Z Yan, S Wang, X Chen, GK Poduval, JA Stride, J Mater Sci (2023) 1–12. 


Transparent wafer-scale self-standing fluorinated graphene films

M Colin, S Chen*, H Farhat, K Guérin, M Dubois*, Carbon (2023) 202, 137.


Upconversion nanoparticle-based cell membrane-coated cRGD peptide bioorthogonally labeled nanoplatform for glioblastoma treatment

J Mo*, X Chen, M Li, W Liu, W Zhao, L Y Lim, R D Tilley, J J Gooding, Q Li*, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (2022) 14, 49454.


Graphene fluoride as a conductive agent for Li-argyrodite electrolyte containing all-solid-state batteries

X Dai, JH Song, JE Wang, X Chen*, DK Kim*, DJ Kim*, Mater. Today Chem. (2022) 25, 100967.


Graphite-mediated microwave-exfoliated graphene fluoride as supercapacitor electrodes

N. Canever, X. Chen*, M. Wojcik, H. Zhang, X. Dai, M. Dubois, T. Nann*, Nanomaterials (2022) 12, 1796.


Spatially confined atomic dispersion of metals in thermally reduced graphene oxide films 

X. Chen*, W. Fan*, X. Dai, J. Yun, Y. Huang, X. Wang, Z. Zhang, D. J. Kim*, Carbon (2022) 188, 367.


F-Diamane-like nanosheets from expanded fluorinated graphite 

M. Colin, X. Chen*, M. Dubois*, A. Rawal, D.J. Kim, App. Surf. Sci. (2022) 162534. 


Flash-assisted doping graphene for ultrafast potassium transport 

Y. Zhang, X. Chen, W. Can, W. Ren, H Guo, S. Wu, Y. Xiao, S. Shen, Y. Guo, D. Xiao*, C. Zhao*, Nano Res. (2022) 1-8.


Regulating lithium metal interface using seed-coating layer for high-power batteries 

R Ponraj, JH Yun, JE Wang, X Chen, DJ Kim*, DK Kim*, Chem. Eng. J. (2022) 134380.


Vortex fluidic induced mass transfer across immiscible phases 

M Jellicoe, A Igder, C Chuah, DB Jones, X Luo, KA Stubbs, EM Crawley, SJ Pye, N Joseph, K Vimalananthan, Z Gardner, DP Harvery, X Chen, F Salvemini, S He, W Zhang, JM Chalker, JS Quinton, Y Tang, CL Raston*, Chem. Sci. (2022) 13, 3375.


Liquid-phase water isotope separation using graphene-oxide membranes

K Ching, A Baker, R Tanaka, T Zhao, Z Su, RS Ruoff*, C Zhao*, X Chen*, Carbon (2022) 186, 344.


Multifunctional macroassembled graphene nanofilms with high crystallinity 

L Peng, Y Han, M Wang, X Cao, J Gao, Y Liu, X Chen, B Wang, B Wang, C. Zhu, X. Wang, K. Cao, M. Huang, BV Cunning, J. Pang, W. Xu, Y. Ying, Z. Xu, W. Fang*, Y. Lu*, RS Ruoff*, C. Gao*, Adv. Mater. (2021) 33, 2104195.


Nitrogen vacancy induced coordinative reconstruction of single‐atom Ni catalyst for efficient electrochemical CO2 reduction 

C Jia, S Li, Y Zhao, RK Hocking, W Ren, X Chen, Z Su, W Yang, Y Wang, S Zheng, F. Pan*, C. Zhao*, Adv. Func. Mater. (2021) 31, 2107072.


Stage-1 cationic C60 intercalated graphene oxide films 

X. Chen*, K. Ching, A. Rawal, D. Lawes, M. Tajik, W. Donald, S. Lee, R. Ruoff*, Carbon (2021) 175, 131.


Modification of the interlayer coupling and chemical reactivity of multilayer graphene through wrinkle engineering 

X Huang, W Zhao, C Zhu, X Chen, X Han, J Xing, L Bao, L Meng, NN Shi, P Gao, L, Liu, X. Zhou, F. Xu*, F. Ding*, Y. Huang*, Chem. Mater. (2021) 33, 2506.


Preparation and applications of fluorinated graphene 

Y Ahmad, N Batisse, X Chen, M Dubois*, C (2021) 7, 20.


Sub-micron moulding topological mass transport regimes in angled vortex fluidic flow 

TMD Alharbi, M Jellicoe, X Luo, K Vimalanathan, IK Alsulami, BSAL Harbi, A. Igder, FAJ Alrashidi, X. Chen, KA Stubbs, JM Chalker, W. Zhang, RA Boulos, DB Jones, JS Quinton, CL Raston*, Nanoscale, Adv. (2021) 3, 3064.


Liquid-phase exfoliation of F-diamane-like nanosheets 

X. Chen*, M. Dubois*, S. Radescu, A. Rawal, C. Zhao, Carbon (2021) 175, 124.


Cation-modified graphene oxide membranes for water permeation 

K. Ching, B. Lian, G. Leslie, X. Chen*, C. Zhao*, Carbon (2020) 170, 646.


Calixarene-mediated assembly of water-soluble C60-attached ultrathin graphite hybrids for efficient activation of reactive oxygen species to treat neuroblastoma cells 

J. Mo, M. Li, X. Chen*, Q. Li*, Chem. Commun. (2020) 56, 7325.


Shock exfoliation of graphene fluoride in microwave 

S. Wu, J. Mo, Y. Zeng, Y. Wang, A. Rawal, J. Scott, Z. Su, W. Ren, S. Chen, K. Wang, W. Chen, Y. Zhang*, C. Zhao*, X. Chen*, Small (2020) 1903397. 


Ruthenium complexes in homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis for electroreduction of CO2 

B. Das*, C. Jia, K. Ching, M. Bhadbbade, X. Chen*, S. B. Colbran, C. Zhao, ChemCatChem (2020) 12, 1292.


Large area single crystal AB-bilayer and ABA-trilayer graphene grown on a Cu/Ni(111) foil 

M. Huang, P. V. Bakharev, Z. J. Wang, M. Biswal, S. Jin, B. Wang, H. J. Park, D. Qu, Y. Kwon, X. Chen, S. H. Lee, M. Willinger, W. J. Yoo, Z. Lee, R. S. Ruoff*, Nature Nanotechnol. (2020) 15, 289.


Capturing the active sites of multimetallic (oxy)hydroxides for oxygen evolution reactions 

X. Bo, R. K. Hocking, S. Zhou, Y. Li, X. Chen, J. Zhuang, Y. Du, C. Zhao*, Energy Environ. Sci. (2020) 13, 4225.


Confinement of ionic liquids at single-Ni-sites boost electroreduction of CO2 in aqueous electrolytes 

W. Ren, X. Tan, X. Chen, G. Zhang, K. Zhao, W. Yang, C. Jia, Y. Zhao, S. C. Smith, C. Zhao*, ACS Catalysis (2020) 10, 13171.


Metal-sulfur linkages achieved by organic tethering of Ru nanocrystals for enhanced electrochemical nitrogen reduction 

M. I. Ahmed, C. Liu, Y. Zhao, W. Ren, X. Chen, S. Chen, C. Zhao*, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (2020) 59, 21465.


Surface reconstruction of ultrathin palladium nanosheets during electrocatalytic CO2 reduction 

Y. Zhao, W. Yang, C. Jia, X. Chen, W. Ren, C. Zhao*, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (2020) 59, 21493.


Zero-dimensional nickel, iron metal-organic framework: A nanosized molecular-heterogeneous catalyst for nitrogen electroreduction to ammonia 

J. Duan, Y. Sun, S. Chen*, X. Chen, C. Zhao*, J. Mater. Chem. A (2020) 8, 18810.


Efficient oxygen evolution and gas bubble release achieved by a low gas bubble adhesive iron–nickel vanadate electrocatalyst 

K. Dastafkan, Q. Meyer, X. Chen, C. Zhao*, Small (2020) 2002412.


Ultrahigh areal capacity hydrogen-ion batteries with MoO3 loading over 90 mg cm-2 

Z. Su, W. Ren, H. Guo, X. Peng, X. Chen, C. Zhao*, Adv. Funct. Mater. (2020) 30, 2005477.


Tuning the surface energy density of non-stoichiometric LaCoO3 perovskite for enhanced water oxidation 

Y. Wang, X. Shen, H. Arandiyan, Y. Yin, F. Sun, X. Chen, M. Garbrecht, L. Han, G. G. Andersson, C. Zhao*, J. Power Sources (2020) 478, 228748.


Defective indium/indium oxide heterostructures for highly selective carbon dioxide electrocatalysts 

W. Yang, Y. Zhao, S. Chen, W. Ren, X. Chen, J. Chen, Z. Su, Y. Wang, C. Zhao*, Inorg. Chem. (2020) 59, 12437. 


Wrinkle networks in exfoliated multilayer graphene and other layered materials 

L. Meng, Y. Li, T.S. Liu, C. Zhu, Q. Y. Li, X. Chen, S. Zhang, X. Zhang, L. Bao, Y. Huang, F. Xu, R. S. Ruoff*, Carbon (2020) 156, 24.


Operando Raman spectroscopy reveals Cr-induced phase reconstruction of NiFe, CoFe oxyhydroxides for enhanced electrocatalytic water oxidation 

X. Bo, Y. Li, X. Chen, C. Zhao*, Chem. Mater. (2020) 32, 4303.


(N, B) Dual heteroatom-doped hierarchical porous carbon framework for efficient electroreduction of carbon dioxide 

C. Jia, W. Ren, X. Chen, W. Yang, C. Zhao*, ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. (2020) 8, 6003.


Vertical growth of porous perovskite nanoarrays on nickel foam for efficient oxygen evolution reaction 

T. Zhao, Y. Wang, X. Chen, Y. Li, Z. Su, C. Zhao*, ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. (2020) 8, 4863.


Microwave-induced plasma synthesis of defect-rich, highly ordered porous phosphorus-doped cobalt oxides for overall water electrolysis 

Y. Wang, H. Arandiyan, X. Chen, T. Zhao, X. Bo, Z. Su, C. Zhao*, J. Phys. Chem. C (2020) 124, 9971.


p-Phosphonic acid calix[8]arene mediated synthesis of ultralarge, ultrathin, single-crystal gold nanoplatelets 

Zang, J. Toster, B. Das, R. Gondosiswanto, S. Liu, P. K. Eggers, C. Zhao*, C. L. Raston*, X. Chen*, Chem. Commun. (2019) 55, 3785.


Microwave-assisted shock synthesis of diverse ultrathin graphene-derived materials 

X. Chen, X. Bo, W. Ren, S. Chen, C. Zhao*, Mater. Chem. Front. (2019) 3, 1433.


Ultrastiff, strong, and highly thermally conductive crystalline graphitic films with mixed stacking order 

B. Wang, B. V. Cunning, N. Y. Kim, S.-Y. Park, Z. Li, L. Peng, V. Modepalli, X. Chen, Y. Shen, W. K. Seong, Y. Kwon, J. Jang, T. Kim, H. Shi, C. Gao, A. J. Minnich, T. J. Shin, K. Kim, J.-Y. Kim, Z. Lee, R. S. Ruoff*, Adv. Mater. (2019) 31, 1903039.


Dual-responsive, methotrexate-loaded, ascorbic acid-derived micelles exert anti-tumor and anti-metastatic effects by inhibiting NF-kB signaling in an orthotopic mouse model of human choriocarcinoma 

L. Wei, C. Wang, X. Chen, B. Yang, K. Shi, L. R. Benington, L. Y. Lim, S. Shi*, J. Mo*, Theranostics (2019) 9, 4354.


Synergistic bimetallic CoFe2O4 clusters supported on graphene for ambient electrocatalytic reduction of nitrogen to ammonia 

M. I. Ahmed, S. Chen, W. Ren, X. Chen, C. Zhao*, Chem. Commun. (2019) 55, 12184.


Nanostructured amalgams with tuneable silver-mercury bonding sites for selective electroreduction of carbon dioxide into formate and carbon monoxide 

W. Yang, S. Chen, W. Ren, X. Chen, C. Jia, J. Liu, Y. Zhao, C. Zhao*, J. Mater. Chem. A (2019) 7, 15907.


Co-Fe binary metal oxide electrocatalyst with synergistic interface structures for efficient overall water splitting

W. Adamson, X. Bo, Y. Li, B. H. R. Suryanto, X. Chen, C. Zhao*, Catal. Today (2019) 351, 44.


One-step photochemical synthesis of transition metal – graphene hybrid for electrocatalysis

K. Ching, T. Fang, X. Chen, S. Liu, C. Zhao*, ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. (2019) 7, 4112.


High valence chromium regulated cobalt-iron-hydroxide for enhanced water oxidation 

X. Bo, Y. Li, X. Chen, C. Zhao*, J. Power Sources (2018) 402, 381.


Ni2P@carbon core-shell nanorod array derived from ZIF-67-Ni: Effect of phosphorization temperature on morphology, structure and hydrogen evolution reaction performance

S. He, S. He, F. Gao, X. Bo, Q. Wang, X. Chen, J. Duan, C. Zhao*, Appl. Surf. Sci. (2018) 457, 933.


Self-supported NiSe2 nanowire arrays on carbon fiber paper as efficient and stable electrode for hydrogen evolution reaction 

Y. Guo, D. Guo, F. Ye, K. Wang, Z. Shi, X. Chen, C. Zhao*, ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. (2018) 6, 11884.


Ultrafast aqueous potassium-ion batteries cathode for stable intermittent grid-scale energy storage 

W. Ren, X. Chen, C. Zhao*, Adv. Energy Mater. (2018) 1801413.


Graphitization of graphene oxide films under pressure 

X. Chen*, X. Deng, N. Y. Kim, Y. Wang, Y. Huang, L. Peng, M. Huang, X. Zhang, X. Chen, D. Luo, B. Wang, X. Wu, Y. Ma, Z. Lee, R. S. Ruoff*, Carbon (2018) 132, 294. 


Raman spectral band oscillations and chemical reactivity of large graphene bubbles 

Y. Huang, X. Wang, X. Zhang, X. Chen, B. Li, B. Wang, M. Huang, C. Zhu, X. Zhang, W. Bacsa, F. Ding, R. S. Ruoff*, Phys. Rev. Lett. (2018) 120, 186104.


Porous two-dimensional monolayer metal–organic framework material and its use for the size-selective separation of nanoparticles 

Y. Jiang, G. H. Ryu, S. H. Joo, X. Chen, S. H. Lee, X. Chen, M. Huang, X. Wu, D. Luo, Y. Huang, J. H. Lee, B. Wang, X. Zhang, S. K. Kwak, Z. Lee, R. S. Ruoff*, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (2017) 9, 28107.


Structural insights into hydrogenated graphite prepared from fluorinated graphite through Birch−type reduction 

X. Zhang, K. Goossens, W. Li, X. Chen, X. Chen, M. Saxena, S. H. Lee, C. W. Bielawski, R. S. Ruoff*, Carbon (2017) 121, 309.


Role of graphene in water-assisted oxidation of copper in relation to dry transfer of graphene 

D. Luo, X. You, B. W. Li, X. Chen, H. J. Park, M. Jung, T. Y. Ko, K. Wong, M. Yousaf, X. Chen, M. Huang, S. H. Lee, Z. Lee, H. J. Shin, S. Ryu, S. K. Kwak, N. Park, R. R. Bacsa, W. Bacsa, R. S. Ruoff*, Chem. Mater. (2017) 29, 4546.


Controlled folding of single crystal graphene 

B. Wang, M. Huang, N. Y. Kim, B. V. Cunning, Y. Huang, D. Qu, X. Chen, S. Jin, M. Biswal, X. Zhang, S. H. Lee, H. Lim, W. J. Yoo, Z. Lee, R. S. Ruoff*, Nano Lett. (2017) 17, 1467.


Controlling the thickness of thermally expanded films of graphene oxide 

X. Chen, W. Li, D. Luo, M. Huang, X. Wu, Y. Huang, S. H. Lee, R. S. Ruoff*, ACS Nano (2016) 11, 665. 


Interaction of black phosphorus with oxygen and water 

Y. Huang, J. Qiao, K. He, S. Bliznakov, E. Sutter, X. Chen, D. Luo, F. Meng, D. Su, J. Decker, W. Ji, R. S. Ruoff*, P. Sutter*, Chem. Mater. (2016) 28, 8330.


Rapid thermal decomposition of confined graphene oxide films in air 

X. Chen, D. Meng, B. Wang, B. Li, W. Li, C. W. Bielawski, R. S. Ruoff*, Carbon (2016) 101, 71.


Plasma enhanced vortex fluidic device manipulation of graphene oxide 

D. B. Jones*, X. Chen, A. Sibley, J. S. Quinton, C. J. Shearer, C. T. Gibson, C. L. Raston*, Chem. Commun. (2016) 52, 10755.


Unravelling the structure of the C60 and p-But-calix[8]arene complex 

X. Chen, R. A. Boulos, A. D. Slattery, J. L. Atwood, C. L. Raston*, Chem. Commun. (2015) 51, 11413. 


Liquid interface evolution of polyhedral-like graphene 

X. Chen*, C. L. Raston*, Chem. Commun. (2015) 51, 14609. 


p-Phosphonic acid calix[8]arene assisted dispersion and stabilisation of pea-pod C60@multi-walled carbon nanotubes in water, 

X. Chen, C. T. Gibson, P. K. Eggers, M. H. Wahid, C. L. Raston*, Chem. Commun. (2015) 11, 2399.


Amphiphilic graphene oxide stabilisation of hexagonal BN and MoS2 sheets, 

M. Haniff Wahid, X. Chen*, C. T. Gibson, C. L. Raston*, Chem. Commun. (2015) 51, 11709.


Hierarchical patterning of multifunctional conducting polymer nanoparticles as a bionic platform for topographic contact guidance 

D. Ho, J. Zou, X. Chen, A. Munshi, N. M. Smith, V. Agarwal, S. I. Hodgetts, G. W. Plant, A. Bakker, A. R. Harvey, I. Luzinov, K. S. Iyer*, ACS Nano (2015) 24, 1767.


Shear induced carbonplatin binding within the cavity of a phospholipid mimic for increased anticancer efficacy 

J. Mo, P. K. Eggers, X. Chen, M. R. H. Ahamed, T. Becker, L. Y. Lim*, C. L. Raston*, Sci. Rep. (2015) 5, 10414.


Aqueous based synthesis of antimicrobial-decorated graphene 

M. Haniff Wahid, U. H. Stroeher, E. Eroglu, X. Chen, K. Vimalanathan, C. L. Raston*, R. A. Boulos*, J. Colloid Interface Sci. (2015) 443, 88.


Synthesis of few-layer graphene by lamp ablation 

H. Lu, W. S. Woi, X. Tan, C. T. Gibson, X. Chen, C. L. Raston, J. M. Gordon, H. T. Chua*, Carbon (2015) 94, 349. 


Synthesis of nanocrystalline Mg-based Mg-Ti composite powders by mechanical milling 

H. Zhou, L. Hu*, H. Sun, X. Chen, Materials Characterization (2015) 106, 44.


High performance graphene embedded rubber composites 

S. H. Song*, J. M. Kim, K. H. Park, D. J. Lee, O.-S. Kwon, J. Kim, H. Yoon, X. Chen, RSC Adv. (2015) 5, 81707.


Microencapsulation of bacterial strains in graphene oxide nano-sheets using vortex fluidics 

M. Haniff Wahid, E. Eroglu, S. M. LaVars, K. Newton, C. T. Gibson, U. H. Stroeher, X. Chen, R. A. Boulos, C. L. Raston*, RSC Adv. (2015) 5, 37424.


Controlling nanomaterial synthesis, chemical reactions and self-assembly in dynamic thin films 

X. Chen, N. M. Smith, K. S. Iyer, C. L. Raston*, Chem. Soc. Rev. (2014) 43, 1387.


Template-free assembly of three-dimensional networks of graphene hollow spheres at the water/toluene interface 

X. Chen, P. K. Eggers, A. D. Slattery, S. G. Ogden, C. L Raston*, J. Colloid Interface Sci. (2014) 430, 174.


Self-assembled calixarene aligned patterning of noble metal nanoparticles on graphene 

X. Chen, K. Vimalanathan, W. Zang, A. D. Slattery, R. A. Boulos, C. T. Gibson, C. L. Raston*, Nanoscale (2014) 6, 4517.


Shear induced fabrication of single walled carbon nanotube rings 

K. Vimalanathan, X. Chen, C. L. Raston*, Chem. Commun. (2014) 50, 11295. 


Room temperature vortex fluidic synthesis of monodispersed amorphous proto-vaterite 

W. Peng, X. Chen, S. Zhu, C. Guo, C. L. Raston*, Chem. Commun. (2014) 50, 11764.


Hydrogen induced p-phosphonic acid calix[8]arene controlled growth of Ru, Pt and Pd nanoparticles 

W. Zang, X. Chen, R. A. Boulos, J. Toster, C. L. Raston*, Chem. Commun. (2014) 50, 15167.


Nitrate uptake using p-phosphonic acid or p-(trimethylammonium)methyl calix[8]arene stabilized laminar materials 

P. K. Eggers, E. Eroglu, T. Becker, X. Chen, K. Vimalanathan, K. A. Stubbs, S. M. Smith, C. L. Raston*, RSC Adv. (2014) 4, 48348.


Non-covalently modified graphene supported ultrafine nanoparticles of palladium for hydrogen gas sensing 

X. Chen, F. Md Yasin, P. K. Eggers, R. A. Boulos, X. Duan, R. N. Lamb, K. S. Iyer, C. L. Raston*, RSC Adv. (2013) 3, 3213.


A versatile approach for decorating 2D nanomaterials with noble nanoparticles

X. Chen, W. Zang, K. Vimalanathan, K. S. Iyer, C. L. Raston*, Chem. Commun. (2013) 49, 1160. 


Shear induced formation of carbon and boron nitride nano-scrolls 

X. Chen, R. A. Boulos, J. F. Dobson, C. L. Raston*, Nanoscale (2013) 5, 498. 


Optimising a vortex fluidic device for controlling chemical reactivity and selectivity 

L. Yasmin, X. Chen, K. A. Stubbs, C. L. Raston*, Sci. Rep. (2013) 3, 2282.


Unravelling the structure and function of human hair

R. A. Boulos, E. Eroglu, X. Chen, A.Scaffidi, B. R. Edwards, J. Toster, C. L. Raston*, Green Chem. (2013) 15, 1268.


Biogenic production of palladium nanocrystals using microalgae and their immobilization on chitosan nanofibers for catalytic applications 

E. Eroglu, X. Chen, M. Bradshaw, V. Agarwal, J. Zou, S. G. Stewart, X. Duan, R. N. Lamb, S. M. Smith*, C. L. Raston*, K. S. Iyer, RSC Adv. (2013) 3, 1009.


Functional noble metal nanostructures involving pyrene-conjugated-hyaluronan stabilised reduced graphene oxide 

F. Zhang, F. Md Yasin, X. Chen, J. Mo, C. L. Raston*, H. Zhang*, RSC Adv. (2013) 3, 25166.


Nitrate uptake by p-phosphonic acid calix[8]arene stabilized graphene

E. Eroglu, W. Zang, P. K. Eggers, X. Chen, R. A. Boulos, H. Wahid, S. M. Smith, C. L. Raston*, Chem. Commun. (2013) 49, 8172.


Pyrene-conjugated hyaluronan facilitated exfoliation and stabilisation of low dimensional nanomaterials in water 

F. Zhang, X. Chen, R. A. Boulos, F. Md Yasin, H. Lu, C. L. Raston*, H. Zhang*, Chem. Commun. (2013) 49, 4845.


Shear flow assisted decoration of carbon nano-onions with platinum nanoparticles

Y. A. Goh, X. Chen, F. Md Yasin, P. K. Eggers, R. A. Boulos, X. Wang, H. T. Chua, C. L. Raston*, Chem. Commun. (2013) 49, 5171.


Entrapment of Chlorella vulgaris cells within graphene oxide layers 

M. H. Wahid, E. Eroglu, X. Chen, S. M. Smith, C. L. Raston*, RSC Adv. (2013) 3, 8180.


Functional multi-layer graphene-algae hybrid material formed using vortex fluidics 

M. H. Wahid, E. Eroglu, X. Chen, S. M. Smith, C. L. Raston*, Green Chem. (2013) 15, 650.


p-Phosphonic acid calix[8]arene assisted exfoliation and stabilization of 2D materials in water 

X. Chen, R. A. Boulos, P. K. Eggers, C. L. Raston*, Chem. Commun. (2012) 48, 11407.


Nitrate removal from liquid effluents using microalgae immobilized on chitosan nanofiber mats

E. Eroglu, V. Agarwal, M. Bradshaw, X. Chen, S. M. Smith*, C. L. Raston*, K. S. Iyer, Green Chem. (2012) 14, 2682. 


Vortex fluidic exfoliation of graphite and boron nitride 

X. Chen, J. F. Dobson, C. L. Raston*, Chem. Commun. (2012) 48, 3703. 


Preparation of nanocrystalline magnesium alloy powders by high-energy ball milling 

H. Wang, L. Hu*, X. Chen, E. Wang, Powder Metallurgy Technology (2008) 26, 403. 


Microstructure evolution of AZ31 magnesium alloy powders prepared by mechanical milling in hydrogen atmosphere 

H. Wang, L. Hu*, X. Chen, J. Mate. Eng. (2008) 10, 183.